Roman Heritage in England

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LULLINGSTONE VILLA

Lullingstone2Lullingstone Roman Villa is a villa built during the Roman occupation of Britain, situated near the village of Eynsford in Kent, south eastern England. Constructed in the 1st century, perhaps around A. D. 80-90, the house was repeatedly expanded and occupied until it was destroyed by fire in the 5th century. The occupants were wealthy Romans or native Britons who had adopted Roman customs.

The earliest stage of the villa was built around 82 AD. It was situated in an areaLullingstone3 near to several other villas, and was close to Watling Street, a Roman road by which travellers could move to and from Londinium to Durovbrivae,  DurovernumCantiacorum, and the major Roman port of Rutupiæ (i.e., London, Rochester, Canterbury, and Richborough, respectively). 

The first discovery of the site was made in 1750, when workers fencing a deer park dug post holes through a mosaicLullingstonemosaic1 floor, but no systematic excavations were done until the 20th century.In 1939, a blown-down tree revealed scattered mosaic fragments. The villa was excavated in the period 1949–61 by archaeologists, and the ruins themselves were preserved under a specially-designed cover in the 1960s, when the villa was taken over by English Heritage, who opened the ruins to the public.Lullingstonemosaic3 

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