Roman Heritage in Italy

Print

 Via Appia

appia1With so much of Western Europe conquered by the Romans, the Romans needed roads to move their troops around quickly.

appia3The Via Appia was one of the earliest and most important Roman roads.It connected Rome to Brindisi, in Apulia, in southern Italy. The road was named after Appius Claudius Caecus, the Roman censor who began and completed the first section as a military road to the south in 312 B.C. during the Samnite Wars.

appia4It was the first long road built specifically to transport troops outside Rome The Romans built a high-quality road, with layers of cemented stone over a layer of small stones and drainage ditches on each side.The road achieved its purpose. Rome won the Second Samnite war and the Via Appia was the main factor that allowed the Romans to rapidly concentrate their forces.By the late Republic, the Romans had expanded over most of Italy and became masters of road construction..

The Via Appia began in the Roman Forum, passed through the Servian Wall at the Porta Capena,and left the city.

appia7appia8

 

Monuments along the Appian Way (1st – 5st mile)

appia9

appia10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Porta Appia, the gate of Aurelian walls                                              Church of Domine Quo Vadis

appia11appia12

The Catacomb of Callixtus                                                                          San Sebastiano outside the walls

appia13

Circus of Massenzio

 

Mausoleum of Caecilia Metella

appia15 appia16The mausoleum was built at the third mile of the Via Appia in the years 30-20 BC.

It’s a monumental tomb erected for a Roman noblewoman. Her father was Quintus Caecilius Metellus, a consul who conquered the island of Crete. The interior of the tomb consists of a funerary chamber, occupying the whole height of the cylinder. During the Middle Ages it was trasformed into a fortress.

appia17

Roman baths of Capo di Bove

 

Monuments along the Appian Way (from the 5th mile)

appia18appia19

Mausoleum of the Orazi and Curiazi                                            Mausoleum of Casal Rotondo

 

Villa of the Quintilii

appia20appia21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Villa covers the area between Appia Antica (Ancient Appian Way) and Appia Nuova (the modern road) and it is built around a big square.
It was the largest and grandest residence of the Roman Suburbium. The original part belonged to the Quintilii brothers, consuls in 151 AD and was expanded after the Villa became imperial property under the Emperor Commodus. Commodus loved to reside in it, because of the tranquillity of the country and of the benefits of the thermal baths that were inside the Villa.

appia22appia23

The most imposing part of the building consists of a series of rooms and the two large thermal chambers of the calidarium and the frigidarium, with windows and polychrome marbles.

Copyright © 2019 RTR Comenius. All Rights Reserved.
Joomla! is Free Software released under the GNU General Public License.
Thursday the 25th. Joomla Templates Free.
Copyright 2012

©

The RTR Comenius website employs cookies to improve your user experience. If you continue on this website, you will be providing your consent to our use of cookies. Find out more in: Cookies Policy. COOKIES POLICY